A Car park is a specially designated place, the primary function of which is to allow a means of transportation (most often a car or truck) to be left there when it is not in use. As a separate part of the infrastructure, parking lots are subject to applicable laws and must meet the requirements of the Construction Law and regulations outlined in the Traffic Code.
Car park signage
As an object formally part of land use, each Car park must be a separate space that is visibly distinguished and for which there is no doubt about its boundaries. By current regulations, it is also necessary to provide a surface in the parking area that meets the statutory requirements for technical conditions (among other things, a slope is required to ensure water runoff). Current regulations also mandate the proper separation and marking of parking spaces, stipulating that even a single parking space is considered a Car park Markings if it meets the regulations outlined.
Car park horizontal marking
Horizontal parking markings for parking lots should be delineated with either P-18 or P-19 lines depending on the intended parking method within the facility. For safety reasons, it is also necessary to use P-13 or P-14 lines, which complement the vertical parking markings provided for a given parking lot. Additional horizontal parking signs that should be properly placed are P-8 arrows, indicating the directions of traffic on individual maneuvering roadways.
As for handicapped parking, on the other hand, Car park Markings should primarily include a blue-colored pavement, a visibly applied P-24 horizontal parking sign, and appropriate vertical Car park Markings
Vertical Car park Markings
The correct marking of parking spaces with vertical signage, the number, size, and selection of signs, directly depends on the traffic organization adopted in a given parking lot. Most often, small or mini-size vertical road signs are assigned to a parking lot, as larger ones could limit visibility, infringe on the roadway verge or be more susceptible to possible damage. The standard designation of a Car park Markings is a D-18 sign, which can be supplemented with additional placards if needed.
Designation of parking.
The D-18 parking sign alone does not designate the correct way to park within a particular Car park Markings – supplementary placards T-30d, T-30e, T-30f, T-30g, T-30h, and T-30i are used for this purpose. Depending on the adopted method of positioning parked vehicles (perpendicular, oblique, or parallel to the edge of the sidewalk), the appropriate placard should be used, depicting a properly parked vehicle with a maximum permissible weight of 3.5 tons.
Depending on the specific Car park Markings in question, the parking signage of a given facility may include various prohibition signs expressing specific rules for the organization of traffic within the parking lot. For underground and special-purpose parking lots, sign SA033 or SA034 (“Prohibition of entry of gas-powered vehicles”) is often used.
Upon entering a parking lot, warrant signs indicate to the driver driving the vehicle the required way of driving within the facility, providing an important supplement to horizontal markings. Typically, warrant signs in parking lots refer to the obligation to drive in a specific direction (C-1 to C-12 signs).
Other signs and placards.
As for additional signs, information signs, and road signs, a Car park Markings can be marked with the following signs and plates, among others:
Sign D-39a (“tolls”) – used in parking lots near the state border,
P-20 (“envelope”) sign – used to designate parking spaces reserved for a certain type of vehicle,
F-20 sign (“part of the road for specific vehicles”) – found on parking lots where traffic of different types of vehicles is conducted separately,
T-29 placard – indicates that within a given parking lot, there is a separate space designated for the vehicle of a disabled person with reduced mobility,
U-4a plate – used at the entrances to some large parking lots to indicate to the vehicle driver how traffic directions are separated on a given section of road.